10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2011.129
Kolman, Petr
Scheideler, Christian
Towards Duality of Multicommodity Multiroute Cuts and Flows: Multilevel Ball-Growing
Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik GmbH, Wadern/Saarbruecken, Germany
2011
Computer Science
000 Computer science, knowledge, general works
Herbstritt, Marc
2011-03-11
eng
ConferencePaper
12 pages
application/pdf
1.0
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported license (CC-BY-NC-ND)
An elementary h-route flow, for an integer h >= 1, is a set of h edge-disjoint paths between a source and a sink, each path carrying a unit of flow, and an h-route flow is a non-negative linear combination of elementary h-route flows. An h-route cut is a set of edges whose removal decreases the maximum h-route flow between a given source-sink pair (or between every source-sink pair in the multicommodity setting) to zero. The main result of this paper is an approximate duality theorem for multicommodity
$h$-route cuts and flows, for h <= 3: The size of a minimum h-route cut is at least f/h and at most O(log^3(k)f) where f is the size of the maximum h-route flow and k is the number of commodities. The main step towards the proof of this duality is the design and analysis of a polynomial-time approximation algorithm for the minimum h-route cut problem for h=3 that has an approximation ratio of O(log^3 k). Previously, polylogarithmic approximation was known only for $h$-route cuts for h <= 2.
A key ingredient of our algorithm is a novel rounding technique that we call multilevel ball-growing. Though the proof of the duality relies on this algorithm, it is not a straightforward corollary of it as in the case of classical multicommodity flows and cuts. Similar results are shown also for the sparsest multiroute cut problem.